Updated: Dec 21, 2022
My name's Emma. I'm a Physiotherapist, Pilates & Fitness Instructor and Yoga Therapist.
I am based in West End, Brisbane, Queensland, where I provide face to face and online programs.
Click below for a FREE Assessment to work out what YOU need to focus on to get you started:
I work as a provider with NDIS participants assisting with their health & wellbeing, function and goals.
Physiotherapy has a significant impact on the lives of NDIS participants.
NDIS - What does it mean?
National: The NDIS is being introduced progressively across all states and territories.
Disability: The NDIS provides support to eligible people with intellectual, physical, sensory, cognitive and psychosocial disability. Early intervention supports can also be provided for eligible people with disability or children with developmental delay.
Insurance: The NDIS gives all Australians peace of mind if they, their child or loved one is born with or acquires a permanent and significant disability, they will get the support they need.
Scheme: The NDIS is not a welfare system. The NDIS is designed to help people get the support they need so their skills and independence improve over time.
NDIS key words
Permanent and significant disability: A permanent disability means your disability is likely to be lifelong. A significant disability has a substantial impact on your ability to complete everyday activities.
Supports and services: Assistance or products that help a person in their daily life and help them participate in the community and reach their goals.
Early intervention: Providing support to a person, either a child or an adult, as early as possible to reduce the impacts of disability or developmental delay and to build their skills and independence.
Nationally consistent access criteria and streamlined, high quality services.
Individual has choice over type and mix of supports, how they are delivered and managed.
Level of assistance is demand driven, with support when and where needed or wanted.
Funds support to promote the participants capacity to participate in daily life, community or employment.
A single pool of government funding managed by NDIA. Funding is managed by the participant, with the participant choosing how to best use funds, empowering the participant.
Accessibility to allow persons with disabilities to live independently and participate fully in all aspects of life ensuring equal access to:
Information and technology,
Facilities and services in urban and rural settings,
Identification and elimination of barriers and obstacles,
Development of guidelines for accessibility, public for private,
Provision of accessible supports and information.
Physical and Environmental Barriers to Accessibility Include:
To facilitate full enjoyment, inclusion and participation in the community;
To choose where and who persons live with;
To access supports for living and inclusion in community;
To access community services on an equal basis to the rest of the community.
Information Linkages and Capacity Building:
Enabling participation and contribution to the community;
Information to make choices and decisions;
Benefit from mainstream services like everyone else;
Benefit from community services like everyone else.
The role of the NDS (National Disability Strategy) is providing inclusive and accessible communities:
Rights, protection, justice and legislation.
Personal and community support.
Learning and skills.
Health and wellbeing.
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Conditions which are likely to meet the disability requirements include:
Spinal cord injury or brain injury resulting in paraplegia, quadriplegia or tetraplegia, or hemiplegia.
Permanent blindness in both eyes.
Permanent bilateral hearing loss
Amputation or congenital absence of two limbs.
Permanent conditions for which functional capacity are variable and further assessment of functional capacity is generally required include:
1.Conditions primarily resulting in Intellectual/ learning impairment including:
Pervasive developmental disorders not meeting severity criteria in List A or List C
Chromosomal abnormalities resulting in permanent impairment.
2. Conditions primarily resulting in Neurological impairment:
Systemic atrophies primarily affecting the central nervous system:
Adult-onset spinal muscular atrophy
Progressive bulbar palsy of childhood
Hereditary spastic paraplegia/ Infantile-onset ascending hereditary spastic paralysis/ spastic paraplegias, Huntington’s disease/Huntington’s chorea
Motor neuron disease/Motor neurone disease
Primary lateral sclerosis
Progressive bulbar palsy
Spinal muscular atrophy – all types
Extrapyramidal and movement disorders, including Parkinson’s disease.
Other degenerative diseases of the nervous system, including alzheimer’s disease.
Demyelinating diseases of the central nervous system, including multiple sclerosis.
Episodic and paroxysmal disorders, including strokes.
Polyneuropathies and other disorders of the peripheral nervous system.
Other disorders of the nervous system, including Hydrocephalus.
3. Conditions resulting in Physical impairment:
Congenital absence of limb or part thereof
Juvenile arthritis / Stills Disease (excluding monocyclic/self-limited Adult Onset Stills disease)
Diseases of myoneural junction and muscle including muscular dystrophy.
Cerebral palsy and other paralytic syndromes:
4. Conditions resulting in Sensory and/or Speech impairment
5. Conditions resulting in multiple types of impairment:
Congenital conditions – cases where malformations cannot be corrected by surgery or other treatment and result in permanent impairment but with variable severity:
Arnold-Chiari Types 2 and 3/Chiari malformation
Fetal alcohol syndrome
6. Conditions resulting in psychosocial disability.
NDIS Funding streams are self managed, plan managed or NDIA* managed.
*NDIA is the National Disability Insurance Agency.
NDIA provides the participant with funding, participant manages all supports.
The participant can work with any provider, does not have to be NDIS registered.
Plan Managed Funding:
NDIA provides funding in the participant’s plan to pay for a plan manager who helps with managing finances and completes financial reporting.
Can use NDIS or non-NDIS registered provider, however plan-manager must be NDIS registered.
NDIA managed Funding:
NDIA pays providers on behalf of participants.
Participants can only work with NDIS registered providers.
NDIS Registration Groups:
1/. Specialist Disability Registration Groups.
2/. Professional Registration Groups, including Physiotherapy.
3/. Other Registration Groups.
4/. Home and Vehicle Modification Registration Groups.
5/. Assistive Technology and Equipment Registration Groups.
Partners in the Community-Local Area Coordinators (LAC) and Early Childhood Early Intervention (ECEI).
Non Registered Providers
Physiotherapy is in the capacity building NDIS Plan Funding Category under health and wellbeing.
Physiotherapy Can Include:
Participant goal setting,
Support worker, carer and family training,
Equipment assessment and recommendation,
Gym and hydrotherapy programs,
Liaison with the multidisciplinary team managing the participant and safeguarding.
How do I get started with Physiotherapy as an NDIS participant?
Complete an application with NDIS.
Once accepted meet with a planner.
Complete a statement and create goals.
An NDIS plan is developed with money allocated to core, capital or capacity building budgets.
Money is allocated to therapy and other budgets.
Therapy services can commence by choosing your Physiotherapist if you are self or planned managed.
Physiotherapy intervention, goals, outcome measures are established and you will work together to achieve your goals.
NDIS Decision Making Principles:
The request is reasonable and necessary.
Assisting the participant to achieve their goals.
Facilitating social and economic participation, (work/education).
Effective and beneficial for the participant.
Most appropriately funded by NDIS.
Value for money.
Reasonable expectation of informal networks.
Will vary over the lifespan of an individual.
Disability Intervention Theory:
Systems model of motor control is established by the complex interaction of multiple different body systems.
Posture and movement adapt to change to the body systems.
Feedback is essential to motor control.
Optimising Motor Performance:
Importance of cognitive and perceptual function
Use of verbal and visual prompts to think about task and learn from intervention
Active participation doing exercises in between therapy sessions and monitoring their practice
Intervention is context specific in a stimulating, functional environment based around daily tasks
Targets activity and participants level of function
Principles Of Rehabilitation:
Based on motor learning and brain plasticity mechanisms:
Task specific practice
Goal orientated practice
Individualised intervention measures aligned to participant goals
The Whole Week Approach Is Used:
Focus is on facilitating independence from therapy
Utilising other supports, including home exercise programs carer programs and incidental therapeutic opportunities.
Includes setting up of the program
Monitoring the program
Training of carers as applicable
Physiotherapy interventions include:
Skill development and capacity building
Supporting participation activities
Sport and recreation
Impairment based interventions
Monitoring and modifying interventions includes:
Checking and reviewing with the participant
Checking and reviewing with a disability support worker and or family as applicable
Outcome measurement to monitor efficacy
Identification of barriers to change
Physiotherapy Subjective Assessment Dependent On Condition Includes:
Past medical history
Participant’s main perceived problems
Physiotherapy Objective Assessment Includes:
Gaining a clear understanding of all impairments at a body structure and function level.
Activity based assessment assessing performance and working out contributing impairments for further assessment.
Observational assessment of activity performance and working out contributing impairments for further assessment.
Body Systems Assessed:
Range of movement
Functional Assessment Dependent on Condition Can Include:
Assessment is by Goal Assessment Scale.
Outcome measures selected are specific and relevant to the function addressed by Physiotherapy.
Physiotherapists have an important role to play in identifying barriers and enablers to participation.
Physiotherapy is available face to face or via Telehealth.
End Physio NDIS Physiotherapy Programs are available face to face or online via an app.
Unsure where to start? Click the link below to get you started NOW:
NDIS Online Starter Assessment: https://www.endphysio.com/ndisstarter
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